English learning in September 19th

发布于 2021-11-12  173 次阅读


pervasive 普遍的、流行的、渗透的
The most pervasive problem is less obvious: our own behaviour.

pivotal 关键的、关键事物
He has established himself as a pivotal figure in state politics.

prominent 显著的、突出的
eminent 突出的
He had an angular face with prominent cheekbones.

rigor n. 严格
rigorous 严格的
The work failed to meet their rigorous standards.
be strict with sb = set rigorous standard for sb

seminal 种子的、有创造力的

compatible 兼容的
The new system will be compatible with existing equipment.
Free enterprise, he argued, was compatible with Russian values and traditions.
Unfortunately, these methods are not always compatible.
compat n. 兼容
compatibility 兼容性
compatriot 同胞
compatible with 和谐的、适合的

succinct 简洁的、简明的
The book gives an admirably succinct account of the technology and its history.

deprive 使丧失、剥夺
To deprive the boy of his education is a violation of state law.

flaw 瑕疵

fraudulent 欺骗性的
telecommunication fraud 电信诈骗

hostile 有敌意的

negligent 粗心大意的
neglect 忽视
Most are caused by ignorance, carelessness, neglect, or lack of skill.
But the intention is not to neglect social science; rather, the complete opposite.
rather 完全相反

underprivileged 贫困的、社会地位低下的

unethical 不道德的

aforementioned 前面提到的
The aforementioned person was seen acting suspiciously.

nonetheless 但是

thereafter 从那以后
Thereafter she wrote articles for papers and magazines in Paris.

notwithstanding 尽管
The bad weather notwithstanding, the event was a great success.

petri dish 培养皿
petrify 石化、惊呆
petrified 惊呆的

collaboration 合作、勾结、通敌

collate 核对、校对
Shall we collate the accounts today?

corporate 法人的、共同的、全体的
The BBC is a corporate body.
The law applies to both individuals and corporate bodies.

correlation 关联、相互关系

paradigm 范例
Organizations have had legitimate and pressing reasons to shift to a new paradigm of employer-employee relations.

parameter 参数、系数
There are striking differences in life span between different species, but within one species the parameter is relatively constant.
不同物种之间的寿命存在显著差异,但在同一物种内,这一参数是相对稳定的。

peer review 同行评审

pilot study 初步研究、预备试验

qualitative 定量的
quantitative 定性的

rationale 理论

schematic 图解的、概要的
schematic diagram 原理图
scheme 方案
This isn't the first harebrained scheme he's had.
harebrained 愚蠢的

theorem 定理、原理

tentative 暂定的、实验性的

commentary 评论

precis 摘要、大纲

paraphrase 释义、解释
The following is a paraphrase of what was said.

plagiarism 剽窃
plagiarize 抄袭
He's accused of plagiarism.

asterisk 星号
aster 星状的
starfish 海星

cf. 比较(拉丁文comfer)

et al. 等,以及其他人

ibid(ibidem) 同前所述

NB 拉丁语 nota bene 注意

cult 崇拜

adjacent 邻近的
subjacent 底下的
circumjacent 围绕着的
interjacent 居间的

aggregate 合计、集合体

analogy 类比

assign 分配

automate 使自动化
He wanted to use computers to automate the process.

bulk 体积、容量、大部分
The bulk of the population lives in cities.

clause 条款

commodity 商品、日用品
commode 马桶
Crude oil is the world's most important commodity.

compile 编译

compound 化合物

confine 边界、局限
confinement 限制、监禁、分娩

consent 准许、同意 n.&v.
He was under the age of consent.
content 内容、满意的
contend 竞争

constrain 驱使、强迫、束缚

contraction 收缩、缩写
The sudden contraction of the markets left them with a lot of unwanted stock.

contractor 承包人、立契约者

converse 交谈、谈话v.; 逆行、逆命题、反面的事实 n.
The two deaf actors converse solely in signing.
What you do for a living is critical to where you settle and how you live – and the converse is also true.

coup 政变、妙计、出乎意料的行动;使……颠倒/侵斜
He seized power in a military coup.

denote 表示、指示
The flashing lights denote dangerous roads ahead.

plural 复数、复数的
plural marriage 一夫多妻制

derive 源于
derive from 源于
rive 裂开
river 河流

deviate 偏离、越轨、翻唱的
The bus had to deviate from its usual route because of a road closure.

diminish 使减小

discrete 离散的

erode 腐蚀

explicit 清楚的

extract 提取

grant 授予、允许、同意
France has agreed to grant him political asylum.

incline 倾向于
I incline to the view that we should take no action at this stage.

inhibit 抑制、禁止
inhibition 禁止
Authority doesn't have to inhibit innovation but it often does.

sufficient 足够的、充分的
Is it available in sufficient quantity?

integral 完整的、构成整体所必须的
Rituals, celebrations, and festivals form an integral part of every human society.

intervene in 干涉
intervention 干涉

misinterpret 误解

nonetheless 尽管如此,但是
There are nonetheless several empirically proven benefits.
empirically 经验性的
empiricism 经验主义、经验论

notwithstanding 尽管、虽然
The bad weather notwithstanding, the event was a great success.

offset 抵消、补偿v.
The decline in marriage has been offset by a rise in cohabitation.

paradigm 范式

parameter 参数

paramount 最重要的、至高无上的、最高统治者

practitioner 开业者、从业者

sphere 范围、球体
sphere of influence 势力范围

subordinate 从属的;下级
In many societies women are subordinate to men.

terminate 使终止
After a lot of agonizing she decided to terminate the pregnancy.