English learning in September 18th

发布于 2021-11-12  167 次阅读


entity 实体
legal entity 法人
business entity 企业个体

sphere 范围、球体
This area was formerly within the sphere of influence of the US.

ellipse 椭圆
It is an ellipse with double focus.

hexagon 六角形
pentagon 五角形

adjacent 相邻的
The planes landed on adjacent runways.
adjoin 毗邻
Our two houses adjoin.

confine 边界、局限于
He did not confine himself to the one language.

intersect 相交
intersection 焦点、交叉、十字路口

proximity n. 邻近、接近程度
proximity effect 邻近效应
in close proximity to 与……接近
He became aware of the proximity of the Afghans.

rigid 僵化的、死板的
The curriculum was too narrow and too rigid.
He was weaned on a diet of rigid discipline and duty.
wean on 使从小耳濡目染

texture 质地、纹理
It has an orange flavour and smooth texture.

textile 纺织品、纺织业

bulk 体积、容积、大多数
The bulk of the population lives in cities.
Heterosexual contact is responsible for the bulk of HIV transmission.

sheer 绝对的、陡峭的

negligible 微不足道的
negligible error 可忽略的误差

scarce 稀缺的
Food was scarce and expensive.

aggregate 集合体、集合的、合计
aggregate supply 总供给
aggregate value 总价值
The rate of growth of GNP will depend upon the rate of growth of aggregate demand.

dual 双的
The notion of parallel worlds is inherent in your work, with dual story strands and different incarnations of certain characters.
The dual system is rigid and discriminatory.

magnitude 大小、量级
We did not realize the magnitude of the problem.
The devastating 7.9 magnitude Sichuan earthquake which killed about 90,000 people in western China.
What this study suggests is that the speed of climate shifts and the magnitude of the changes required to adapt could be much greater.
devastating 毁灭性的

median 中间的
Median household income for renters: $29,100

quota 定额
The bill would force employers to adopt a quota system when recruiting workers.

threshole 门槛
When surface temperatures rise to a comfortable threshold, they emerge.

conjecture 推测、猜想
The rumour raised a storm of conjecture.
The truth of his conjecture was confirmed by the newspaper report.

词根ject-表to throw,前缀con-表together,所谓猜想就是把你知道的你认为的可能“一起”“扔”到前边来给大家来检验推理。比如著名的Goldbach's conjecture哥德巴赫猜想,德国数学家哥德巴赫抛出了这个问题,任何人都可以来解答推导。

reject 拒绝

contention 争论
contention over 关于……的争论
One area of contention is the availability of nursery care.

thesis 论文
dissertation (高级的)论文

in USA, graduate includes master and doctor

post-doctoral 博士后

dissatisfactory 不够理想的

sinopec 中国石化

CNOOC china national offshore corporation 中海油

CNPC 中石油 china national petroleum corporation

feel ease at home

downtown 市中心
suburdan 城郊的

see you later = later = ciao
see you later alligator
in a while crocodile

accommodate 接待
accommodating 乐于助人的

head office = headquarter 总部、总公司

oriental 东方的
occidental 西方的
occident 西方

orientation 方向、适应、情况介绍
orientation tour 大学中迎新的校园游
market orientation 市场导向
sexual orientation 性取向

metro 地铁、大都市
A new metro runs under the square, carrying hundreds of thousands who used to cycle to work.

metro station 地铁站

cosmos 宇宙、和谐、秩序
have a cosmos connection with 与……有缘

automobile 汽车

formality 礼节、仪式、正式手续
procedure 程序
go through costoms formalities 办理海关例行手续

waiver 弃权、弃权证书
waiver the tuition 学费减免

transfer 转机 transboarding
do you have a connecting flight?

luggage claim 行李提取、寄存
hand-luggage = carry-on items

consign 托运
checked luggage 已安检的行李

dogma 教条
Their political dogma has blinded them to the real needs of the country.
Beliefs have ossified into rigid dogma.

orthodox 正统的
orthodox church 东正教

pragmatic 实用的

speculation 投机、推测
The doctors speculate that he died of a cerebral haemorrhage caused by a blow on the head.
Speculation about a divorce proved totally unfounded.

stance 立场
The United States has taken a lot of criticism for its hard-line stance.

arbitrary 任意的、武断的
He makes unpredictable, arbitrary decisions.
arbitration 公断、仲裁
arbitration court 仲裁庭

discrete 离散的、不连续的
Social structures are not discrete objects; they overlap and interweave.
discretion 自由裁量权、谨慎、判断力
He is the soul of discretion.
We may vary the limit at our discretion and will notify you of any change.

notion 概念、见解、打算
notional 猜测的、概念上的、抽象的
The method is relatively normative and notional and structurely.
notional value 表面价值

provisional 临时的 temporary = impermanent
Such approval is denied if the commander judges that the evidence on which the provisional arrest is based is insufficient.

reportedly 据报道
The band have reportedly decided to split up.

sceptic 怀疑论者
sceptical 怀疑的

tentative 试验性的、暂定的
We made a tentative arrangement to meet on Friday.
I'm taking the first tentative steps towards fitness.

credible 可靠的
Her claims seem credible to many.
incredible 难以置信的、极好的

viable 可行的、能生育的
These farmers will never actually sell any of the lands, provided that farming it remains viable.
viable alternative
viable option